School teacher teachers her students with the help of a laptop at the rural school (West Bengal, India).

Knowledge Base

If we are to teach real peace in this world, and if we are to carry on a real war against war, we shall have to begin with the children.

- Mahatma Ghandi (1869 -1948)

This knowledge platform for scholarly publishing is provided by the ECPC. Research and scholarly output included here has been selected and deposited based on its relevance to early childhood development, social cohesion, violence prevention and peace promotion, and more. Additional literature will be added as it becomes available.

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, UNICEF, WorldBank, WorldFoodProgram, UNHCR. Framework for reopening schools. UNICEF; 2020.
&Peace IE. Global Peace Index 2019: Measuring peace in a complex world. Sydney, Australia: Institute for Economics & Peace; 2019.
Aber L., Biersteker L., Dawes A., Rawlings L. Social Protection and Welfare Systems: Implications for Early Childhood Development. In: al P.RBritto, editor. Handbook of Early Childhood Development Research and Its Impact on Global Policy. New York: Oxford Univ. Press; 2013. 2. p. 260-274p.
Aboud F., Yousafzai A. Very Early Childhood Development. In: Black R.E, Laxminarayan R., Temmerman M., Walker N., editors. Reproductive, Maternal, Newborn, and Child Health: Disease Control Priorities, Third Edition (Volume 2). Washington (DC); 2016.
Abramowitz S., Panter-Brick C. Medical Humanitarianism: Ethnographies of Practice. Penn University Press; 2015.
Abramowitz S., Marten M., Panter-Brick C. Medical humanitarianism: anthropologists speak out on policy and practice. Med Anthropol Q. 2015;29(1):1-23.
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Bernhard H, Fischbacher U, Fehr E. Parochial altruism in humans. Nature. 2006;442(7105):912-5.
Berry L., Institute Uo. South African Child Gauge 2013. Children's Institute, University of Cape Town; 2013.
Bershteyn A., Lyons H., Sivam D., Myhrvold N. Association between economic growth and early childhood nutrition. Lancet Glob Health. 2015;3:e79-80.
Betancourt T., Borisova I., Williams T., Meyers-Ohki S., Rubin-Smith J., Annan J., et al. Psychosocial adjustment and mental health in former child soldiers--systematic review of the literature and recommendations for future research. J Child Psychol Psychiatry. 2013;54:17-36.
Betancourt T., Williams T., Kellner S., Gebre-Medhin J., Hann K., Kayiteshonga Y. Interrelatedness of child health, protection and well-being: an application of the SAFE model in Rwanda. Soc Sci Med. 2012;74:1504-11.
Betancourt T., Fawzi M., Stevenson A., Kanyanganzi F., Kirk C., Ng L., et al. Correction: Ethics in Community-Based Research with Vulnerable Children: Perspectives from Rwanda. PLoS One. 2016;11:e0163384.
Betancourt T.,, de la Soudiere M., Williamson J. Sierra Leone's child soldiers: war exposures and mental health problems by gender. J Adolesc HealthJ Adolesc Health. 2011;49:21-8.
Betancourt T., Fawzi M., Stevenson A., Kanyanganzi F., Kirk C., Ng L., et al. Ethics in Community-Based Research with Vulnerable Children: Perspectives from Rwanda. PLoS One. 2016;11:e0157042.
Betancourt T., Meyers-Ohki S., Stevenson A., Ingabire C., Kanyanganzi F., Munyana M., et al. Using Mixed-Methods Research to Adapt and Evaluate a Family Strengthening Intervention in Rwanda. Afr J Trauma Stress. 2011;2:32-45.
Betancourt T., Chambers D. Optimizing an Era of Global Mental Health Implementation Science. JAMA Psychiatry. 2016;73:99-100.
Betancourt T.,, Williams T., Brennan R., Whitfield T., de la Soudiere M., et al. Sierra Leone's former child soldiers: a follow-up study of psychosocial adjustment and community reintegration. Child Dev. 2010;81:1077-95.
Betancourt T., Zuilkowski S., Ravichandran A., Einhorn H., Arora N., A. Chakravarty B, et al. Development of the SAFE Checklist Tool for Assessing Site-Level Threats to Child Protection: Use of Delphi Methods and Application to Two Sites in India. PLoS One. 2015;10:e0141222.
Betancourt T., Borisova I, Williams TP, Meyers-Ohki SE, Rubin-Smith JE, Annan J, et al. Psychosocial adjustment and mental health in former child soldiers--systematic review of the literature and recommendations for future research. J Child Psychol Psychiatry. 2013;54(1):17-36.
Betancourt T., Brennan R., Rubin-Smith J., Fitzmaurice G., Gilman S. Sierra Leone's former child soldiers: a longitudinal study of risk, protective factors, and mental health. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2010;49:606-15.
Betancourt T., Gilman S., Brennan R., Zahn I., VanderWeele T. Identifying Priorities for Mental Health Interventions in War-Affected Youth: A Longitudinal Study. Pediatrics. 2015;136:e344-50.
Betancourt T., Speelman L., Onyango G., Bolton P. A qualitative study of mental health problems among children displaced by war in northern Uganda. Transcult PsychiatryTranscult Psychiatry. 2009;46:238-56.
Betancourt T., Simmons S., Borisova I., Brewer S., Iweala U., Soudiere M. High Hopes, Grim Reality: Reintegration and the Education of Former Child Soldiers in Sierra Leone. Comp Educ Rev. 2008;52:565-587.
Betancourt T. The intergenerational effect of war. JAMA Psychiatry. 2015;72:199-200.
Betancourt T., McBain R., Newnham E., Akinsulure-Smith A., Brennan R., Weisz J., et al. A behavioral intervention for war-affected youth in Sierra Leone: a randomized controlled trial. J Am Acad Child Adolesc PsychiatryJ Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2014;53:1288-97.
Betancourt T., Abdi S., Ito B., Lilienthal G., Agalab N., Ellis H. We left one war and came to another: resource loss, acculturative stress, and caregiver-child relationships in Somali refugee families. Cultur Divers Ethnic Minor Psychol. 2015;21:114-25.
Betancourt T., Yang F., Bolton P., Normand S. Developing an African youth psychosocial assessment: an application of item response theory. Int J Methods Psychiatr Res. 2014;23:142-60.
Betancourt T., McBain R., Newnham E., Brennan R. Context matters: community characteristics and mental health among war-affected youth in Sierra Leone. J Child Psychol Psychiatry. 2014;55:217-26.
Betancourt T., Newnham E., McBain R., Brennan R. Post-traumatic stress symptoms among former child soldiers in Sierra Leone: follow-up study. Br J Psychiatry. 2013;203:196-202.
Betancourt T., Thomson D., VanderWeele T. War-Related Traumas and Mental Health Across Generations. JAMA Psychiatry. 2018;75:5-6.
Betancourt T., Meyers-Ohki S., Charrow A., Tol W. Interventions for children affected by war: an ecological perspective on psychosocial support and mental health care. Harv Rev PsychiatryHarv Rev Psychiatry. 2013;21:70-91.
Betancourt T., Newnham E., Layne C., Kim S., Steinberg A., Ellis H., et al. Trauma history and psychopathology in war-affected refugee children referred for trauma-related mental health services in the United States. J Trauma Stress. 2012;25:682-90.
Betancourt T., Scorza P., Meyers-Ohki S., Mushashi C., Kayiteshonga Y., Binagwaho A., et al. Validating the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale for Children in Rwanda. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2012;51:1284-92.
Betancourt T., Newnham E., Brennan R., Verdeli H., Borisova I., Neugebauer R., et al. Moderators of treatment effectiveness for war-affected youth with depression in northern Uganda. J Adolesc Health. 2012;51:544-50.
Bethell C., Carle A., Hudziak J., Gombojav N., Powers K., Wade R., et al. Methods to Assess Adverse Childhood Experiences of Children and Families: Toward Approaches to Promote Child Well-being in Policy and Practice. Academic pediatrics. 2017;17:S51-s69.
Bethlehem RA, Baron-Cohen S, van Honk J, Auyeung B, Bos PA. The oxytocin paradox. Front Behav Neurosci. 2014;8:48.
Bhandari N., Karkara R. Regional Capacity Building Workshop on Men,Caring and Fatherhood.. Kathmandu: Save the Children Sweden; 2005.


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