E (2) | P (3) | S (4) | T (1) | V (4)

Social cohesion is a key element needed for peaceful co-existence within and among diverse social and cultural groups and it is divided into two forms - vertical and horizontal. 

Horizontal social cohesion in contrast refers to the interconnections and networks within diverse local community groups and families. 

Vertical social cohesion refers to the interface between government institutions and the people; as well as between caregivers and their children. 

Sustaining peace refers to preventing the outbreak, escalation, continuation and recurrence of conflict, addressing root causes, ending hostilities, ensuring national reconciliation, and moving towards recovery, reconstruction and development. 


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